Most coffee grown in Uganda (80%) is of the varietal varietal Robusta (Coffea canephora var. robusta), with the other 20% comprising Arabica varietals Typica, SL 14, SL 28 and Kent. Also grown in Uganda is the Arabica cultivar Bugishu / Bugisu (Coffea arabica var. bugishu), which is grown near Sipi Falls on the western slopes of Mt. Elgon, one of Uganda's largest mountains.
- Region: Uganda (Bugisu)
- Growing Altitude: 1,300 - 2,200 meters
- Variety: Arabica (Typica, SL 14, SL 28, Kent)
- Harvest Period: October - February
- Milling Process: Fully Washed
- Aroma: Woodsy, Orange Zest
- Flavour: Orange, Fruity, Pekoe Tea
- Body: Smooth
- Acidity: Winey
Generally, the coffee growing regions are divided into:
- West Nile (Okoro - bordering on Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan in the North West)
- Northern Region (Lira, Gulu)
- Eastern (Mbale, Bugisu - bordering on Kenya)
- Central & Southwest (Jinja, Mukono, Kampala, Masaka - by Lake Victoria)
- Western Region (Kasese, Mbarara - also bordering Democratic Republic of Congo)
The western regions produce much of the coffees Arabicas, which grow well in the higher elevations including Mount Rwenzori (which actually gets snow at its peaks). These are naturally processed ("drugars").
A good brewed cup of Bugisu (or "Bugishu") coffee exhibits cupping notes similar to the desirably winey acidity of a fine East African coffee, with sweet chocolate flavor and rich texture. Generally speaking, the lower complexity and lighter lighter body of Ugandan coffees makes them generally less distinguished than the finer coffees of neighboring Zimbabwe, Tanzania, or Kenya.
The Robustas from the Lake Victoria basin are well suited to the clay-rich soils, and benefit from some high elevations in the region. They're able to develop higher acidity than lower-altitude grown Robustas, making them a decent cup.
This Coffea arabica coffee plant varietal (Coffea arabica var. bugishu) is grown in northeast Uganda near Sipi Falls. Bugishu coffee is distinguished by its clean flavor and distinctive aroma. Some of the best Bugishu (or Bugisu) grows on Uganda's Mt. Elgon.
A good brewed cup of Bugishu coffee exhibits the desirably winey acidity of a fine East African coffee. However, the lower complexity and lighter body of Uganda Coffee makes it generally less distinguished than the finer coffees of Zimbabwe, Tanzania, or Kenya.
The harvest season for Arabica green coffees is October through February, and all year for the Robusta crop (peaking in November through February). After harvesting, the coffees are either natural washed (known locally as "wugars") or naturally processed (known locally as "drugars").
Interestingly, wild Robusta coffee trees can be found in Uganda due to their suitability to the climate. Theoretically indigenous to Uganda, Robusta is the largest exported coffee varietal in Uganda, which boasts the second largest export volume of the varietal in the world.
Ugandan coffees are graded either "A" (15/16 screen - equal to Colombian "Exelso" size) or "AA" (17/18 screen - equal to Colombian "Supremo" size).
For tips on brewing the perfect cup of Uganda coffee see the Espresso Coffee Guide's section on Coffee Brewing.
Green Coffee Production60kg bags
2016: 3,800,000 = 501,600,000 lbs
2015: 3,649,567 = 481,742,844 lbs
2014: 3,744,477 = 494,270,964 lbs
2013: 3,632,867 = 479,538,444 lbs
2012: 3,913,502 = 516,582,264 lbs
Green Coffee Exports60kg bags
2016: 0 = 0 lbs
2015: 3,315,570 = 437,655,240 lbs
2014: 3,455,250 = 456,093,000 lbs
2013: 3,499,830 = 461,977,560 lbs
2012: 3,583,260 = 472,990,320 lbs
Data may not be available for the most recent year.
produced 481,742,844 lbs
exported 437,655,240 lbs
That's over 91% exported!
Sounds like a lot? It's actually 2.4% of the coffee grown worldwide.
(that's 4,265 to 7,218 ft)