Colombian Coffee Beans

Coffees grown in the country of Colombia tend to be full-bodied with a rich taste and complex acidity. A fine, high-grown Colombian coffee typifies the classic Latin American mild, fruity flavor though not the type of fruity taste that seems almost fermented.

 

Colombian Organic Coffee Beans - Medium Roast
Colombian Organic Coffee Beans – Medium Roast

 

Colombia Coffee Farming and Processing

Most standard Colombian coffee is grown by relatively small farms and then collected, wet-processed (washed), milled, and exported by the Colombian Coffee Federation.

Coffees of Colombia

Three of Colombia’s most distinguished coffees—Medellin, Armenia, and Manizales are named after the region in which they were grown and then often marketed together in order to simplify the transfers of large coffee contracts. These coffees are known by the acronym MAM.

One of the best Colombian coffees is Medellin Supremo, which is comparable to Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee though with a higher level of acidity.

Other coffees from Colombia include Cucuta coffee (usually shipped through Maracaibo in Venezuela, and the Bucaramanga coffee varietal which is known for its low acidity. Some of Colombia’s finest coffees come from the Narino coffee-growing area in the south of Colombia.

Colombian Espresso

The relatively mild flavor of colombian coffees make it an ideal choice for espressos – they can be roasted dark without turning overly bitter. As an attractive bonus, the sheer volume of Colombian coffee available on the market means it’s aggressively priced and is a good way to reduce the cost of a coffee blend while mellowing out the intense flavors.

Colombian Organic Coffee Beans - Espresso Roast
Colombian Organic Coffee Beans – Espresso Roast

 

While the two images here show relatively little change in the color of the roast, the taste is changed towards more of a darker, bolder coffee flavor, and the coffee oils have come more to the surface of the bean.

Colombia Coffee Production and Coffee Plant Varietals

Coffee has been cultivated in Colombia since the early 1800s and today the country produces about 12% of the world’s coffee, exceeded only by Brazil and Vietnam.

Coffee plant varietals cultivated include the old Arabica varietals Typica (Coffea arabica var. typica) and Bourbon (Coffea arabica var. bourbon) as well as Caturra (Coffea arabica var. caturra) and Maragogype (Coffea arabica var. maragogype).

2 thoughts on “Colombian Coffee Beans

  1. Hello,

    I am doing a group project in college on Colombia. My part is to find out what the advantages and disadvantages to doing business with Colombia are.

    I also am wondering on a personal note how economical it would be to purchase a large (as in 50 lbs or so) of coffee and roast at my home in oven. I like expresso and grind my own, but it gets expensive.

    thank you.
    Roxane

  2. To buy ” a lot of” coffee from COLOMBIA would be much more than “50lbs.” Your best bet would be to contact a broker in Miami if you want to buy bulk Coffee from COLOMBIA. Yes, you can certainly buy whole bean, unroasted, coffee. It is better to let a broker handle all the headaches of importing, customs, tax, etc. I assume you would be roasting and grinding for fun because the cost difference is minuscule between the whole bean and roasted bean, even grounded. I bring back coffee with me each time I travel to COLOMBIA. It is already roasted and ground fresh, then bagged in front of me. COLOMBIA is a great, wonderful, beautiful country with wonderful people.

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