A coffee blend of Arabian (Yemen) Mocha coffee and Indonesian Java Arabica coffee. Mocha Java is said to be the world’s oldest coffee blend, combining two of the best premium coffees with complementary characteristics.
The lively intensity and pleasant wildness of the Yemen Mocha provides a wonderful complement to the clean and bright smoothness of the Java coffee, which is one of the most popular Indonesian coffees.
Mocha and Java – A Happy Accident of History
The two types of coffee beans—Mocha and Java—are a natural fit, creating a complex yet well-balanced coffee blend.
In olden days, coffee beans from Yemen—where coffee has grown since the 15th century (see World’s Best History of Coffee)—were shipped in the wooden hulls of sailing ships of sailors at the great Yemen port of Mocha [Mokha]. This port was one of the world’s busiest locations at the time because it was the primary sea port for the sea route to Mecca.
Many of these sailors arriving at the port of Mocha were coming home from Java Island, and so this is how the traditional coffee blend of Mocha and Java coffee beans occurred—a happy accident of history that produced this coffee blend that is still prized today as some of the best coffee.
Mocha Java Coffees Today
Many commercial blends of Mocha Java, instead of using Mocha and Java, substitute other coffees for both the Yemen Mocha and the Java Arabica. This may be done with good intentions to mimic the classic Mocha Java taste, even using finer coffees such as an Ethiopian Harrar or another bright (high acidity) coffee instead of the Mocha (or another fine Indonesian coffee), or another full and round coffee for the Java, and also altering the proportions.
Blending different origins in this way allows roasters to preserve the flavour the the tradition Mocha Java Blend even when exports aren’t available from those countries due to conflicts within the region and trade barriers.
Not the Chocolate Drink
A mocha is a term used to refer to a specialty drink available at many cafes and restaurants that’s comprised partly of hot chocolate and part coffee. This has no relation at all to the traditional coffee blend and is not indicative of the flavor of real Mocha Java coffee.
Mocha Java Espresso
The complex and balanced flavor of a Mocha Java blend makes it ideal for an espresso roast – providing characteristics that shine in a very dark roast. Espresso blends made by experienced roasters typically integrate some Robusta beans for the additional caffeine content and crema, and can actually enhance the overall flavor of the coffee.
Mocha Java coffee is also called Arabian Mocha Java coffee.