The largest coffee plantation in the Philippines is located in a mountainous region near the town of Alcoy south of Cebu City about 700 meters above sea level. Coffee plants thrive in the area's relatively stable climate with ample rainfall.
Philippines Robusta Coffee Production
Much of the coffee grown in the Philippines (about 85%) is the lower quality Robusta that is largely used to produce instant coffee.
Robusta plantation are located in Bukidnon, Misamis Oriental, Sultan Kudarat, Bataan, Bohol, Cebu, Compostela Valley and Palawan and various other regions. The Nestle Company buys a large percentage of the harvest.
Also see: The Top Ten Coffees in the World
Philippines Arabica Coffee Production
About five percent of coffee production in the Philippines is the higher grade Arabica coffee which is known as Kapeng Tagalog while seven percent is the Excelsa varietal which is resistant to drought.
About three percent of Philippine coffee is the Liberica Coffee varietal and known as Kapeng Barako, favored for its ability to grow in a variety of soil types.
History of Philippine Coffee
Coffee was first brought to the Philippines by a Franciscan friar in 1749 and grew into a thriving industry. The coffee rust disease decimated crops at the end of the nineteenth century.
Toward the end of the era of Spanish colonization the Philippines was a top coffee exporter but the coffee trade languished due to lack of support from the government, urbanization and other factors including previous global declines in coffee prices.
Philippino Coffee Cultivation
The current high worldwide prices for coffee are helping to incentivize increased coffee production in the Philippines. In 1989 around 130,000 hectares in the country were being cultivated in coffee but by 2006 the acreage was just 75,000 hectares.
Today coffee is a very popular beverage among the Filipino population. Starbucks now has an increasing presence in the country with many cafes in Manila and other locations.
The Philippines Agricultural Department has been involved in loan assistance programs and distribution of planting materials, small farm equipment, coffee production facilities and farmer training in an effort to increase the quantity and improve the quality of the country's coffee crop and revitalize the country's coffee industry.
According to reports in March 2017, the Philippine government is targeting an output of almost 215,000 metric tons of green by 2022 to remove the reliance of imports, and begin exporting more to other countries. That would total approximately 3,500,000 x 60kg bags.
According to the ICO, the total crop production in 2015 was just 208,000 bags, meaning the target represents a growth of approximately 18x in 6 years. This differs from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) that reported coffee production at 36,000,000 tons (600,000 x 60kg bags) - roughly 3 times higher than ICO.
To accomplish this, they're looking to increase yield to 1000 kg per hectare (roughly 4x increase) and expand coffee plantations from 125,000 hectares to 200,000 hectares (roughly 1.6x increase). It will see the formation of the Philippine Coffee Council (PCC), funds/credit/insurance for growers, and create new seedling/nurseries, and training programs to help farmers increase their yield-per-acre.
These aggressive goals coupled with a focus on national interest to end imports means that the Robusta production will likely see a large increase, with a lower focus on Arabica for exports to other countries.
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Green Coffee Production
|Year||60kg bags||Coffee grown|
|2016||200,000 bags||26,400,000 pounds|
|2015||208,073 bags||27,465,583 pounds|
|2014||193,214 bags||25,504,274 pounds|
|2013||185,682 bags||24,510,024 pounds|
|2012||177,462 bags||23,424,931 pounds|
Green Coffee Exports
|Year||60kg bags||Coffee exported|
Data may not be available for the most recent year.
I want buy robusta from you s18 cleanes
I'm planting 10,000 liberica seedlings this month and will expand to another 7 hectares to accommodate 12,000 liberica seedlings. Hoping that all will survive. Looking on a good harvest in the next 2 to 3 years.
Ronald D Dizon
Is there a green coffee importer that can ship to the US Barako coffee bean liberica?
When is the best time for pruning coffee trees in the Philippine?
Thanks for good information. I would like to know the regions i can buy Arabica varierty in philippines. And i want to study how to cultivate the Arabica from them for helping local farmers.
I am retiring in 2 year in the Philippines. My wife and I plan to plant coffee in our land in Cebu. what is the best variety to grow and where can i get seedlings or seeds.
I have bought around 2500 coffee seedlings (Robusta variety) for a start here in Negros. My family is into sugarcane plantation business but we have areas that are not suitable for sugarcane and we had planted mahogany, gemelina, banana and coconut trees. I plan to plant coffee underneath them. I'm reading all literature about coffee as much as possible as we are new into this business and our knowledge is very limited. Thank you for this information. I appreciate it.
I am coming to the Philippines from australia to help with coffee plantation and am wondering weather I could communicate with you regarding this as I will be working on the island of Negros
Good Afternoon po,may contact number po ba kayo?
thanx for the info, it really helps me a lot!