There are also beverages made from the coffee cherry – either the dried fruit (known as Cascara) or the ground fruit, having been made into coffee flour, can be added as a supplement to nutrition shakes.
Coffee Brewing Methods – The Brewing Formula
Coffee is prepared by one of numerous brewing methods using hot water to extract the flavor components from the roasted ground coffee beans, which are the seeds of the coffee plant found at the center of the coffee cherry (fruit).
The Effects of Coffee Roasting
Coffee’s Nonvolatile and Volatile Flavor Components
Among the nonvolatile taste components are trigonelline, chlorogenic acid, amino acids, phenolic acids, carbohydrates, minerals and the alkaloid caffeine, which is the principal cause of the physiological effects of coffee on the human body. Caffeine has a mild to strong stimulating effect depending on the amount consumed.
Coffee’s Effect on the World Economy
Coffee and Espresso Brewing Tips
For tips on brewing the best cup of coffee you ever had see our detailed section on Coffee Brewing. You can also read detailed specialty coffee taste profiles in our Gourmet Coffees sections, then move on to read the easy-to-follow instructions on preparing fabulous Espresso Drink Recipes.
Pull a shot of espresso and fill to 8 oz / 12 oz / 16 oz with hot water.
Black and White
2 shots of espresso, 8 oz milk, 2 oz dark chocolate sauce, 1 oz white chocolate sauce
Regular drip coffee with 2 shots of Espresso (a red eye is the same, but with 1 shot of espresso)
1 oz vodka, 1/2 oz Kahlua Coffee Liqueuer, 1 stp almond liqueuer, 5 oz black coffee, 1.5 tsp whipped cream and 1 tsp sugar
Bone Dry Cappuccino
2 shots of espresso, less steamed milk than a regular cappuccino, and compensate with more foam
A Caffe Breve is similar to a cappuccino, but uses steamed half and half instead of milk.
Cafe Au Lait
A Cafe Au Lait is similar to a latte but uses strong brewed coffee instead of espresso with the steamed milk. In New Orleans, chicory is typically added as a flavour enhancer.
Cafe Bombon (Malaysia: Kopi Susu Panas) (Thailand: Cafe Ron) is a 50/50 mixture of condensed milk added to espresso.
Cafe Cubano / Cafecito / Cuban Coffee / Cubano
Shot of espresso mixed with demarara sugar during the pull.
Cafe Con Leche
Cafe Con Leche
“Coffee with Milk” – typically meaning espresso with milk
Cafe Con Panna
“Coffee With Cream” – espresso topped with whipped cream
A shot of espresso dropped into a coffee (similar to Red Eye)
Espresso Con Panna
A “Long” espresso is similar to a “Caffe Americano” except all the hot water is run through a shot of espresso instead of being added after.
Shot of Espresso
Spicy Viennese Espresso
Split Shot Espresso
Traditional Granita Espresso